Global Sperm Bank Market, By Donor Type (Known Donor, Anonymous Donor), By Insemination Technique (Intracervical Insemination, Intrauterine Insemination, In-vitro Fertilization, Others), By Service Type (Sperm Storage, Semen Analysis, Genetic Consultation, Others), By Sperm Collection Center (In-Vitro Fertilization Centers, Donor Insemination Centers, Others), By Distribution Channel (Fertility Clinics, Hospitals, Sperm Collection Centers, Others), By Region (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa); Trend Analysis, Competitive Market Share & Forecast, 2017-2027
- Published Date: October 2021
- Report ID: BWC21117
- Available Format: PDF
- Page: 203
Report OverviewGrowing infertility issues among men and women due to unhealthy lifestyles are driving demand for sperm banks worldwide. Additionally, the growing awareness of assisted reproductive technology (ART) is expected to drive growth of the global sperm bank market.
Global Sperm Bank Market- Industry Trends & Forecast Report 2027
Global sperm bank market reached USD 4,654.0 Million in 2020. It is projected to reach USD 5,970.0 Million by 2027, at a CAGR of 4.0% during the forecast period (2021-2027). The market is driven by several factors: growing infertility issues, rising obesity rates, innovations in cryopreservation technologies, and fertility tourism. Low sperm count and infertility associated with obesity are two of the major causes of the growth of the global sperm bank market. Additionally, an increasing number of miscarriages worldwide, technological advancements in sperm storage, and the emergence of genetic consultation are also propelling the growth of the global sperm bank market.
Global Sperm Bank Market Overview:
Sperm Banks are facilities that buy, store, and sell human sperm. Sperm donors can choose to donate their sperm to either a private clinic or an official sperm bank. When someone donates sperm at an official sperm bank, he gets paid for every donation that passes the bank's semen screening process. However, sperm donors typically receive a lower payment as donating sperm is more about helping others than earning money.
As a stand-alone entity, sperm banks purchase, analyze, store, and sell sperm to people in need, fertility clinics, hospitals, or as a facility run by a clinic or hospital for its customers. Before donating sperms, donors undergo screening for various conditions, including genetic conditions, chromosome abnormalities, STIs, and STDs (Sexually Transmitted Infections and Disorders), which may spread through sperm. Sperm banks have proven to be a blessing for people who cannot conceive a child for a variety of reasons and need sperms.
Global Sperm Bank Market Forecast and Trends
Growing Infertility Rate Around the World
Infertility can be a very tough thing for a couple to go through. It is defined as the inability to conceive even after having unprotected sex for a year. Infertility is common and it can affect both men and women. Getting pregnant but having stillbirths or miscarriages is also considered while describing infertility. There can be many reasons for infertility, including certain health problems like pelvic inflammatory disease, uterine fibroids, or abnormal hormone levels, very low or no sperm count, etc.
Infertility is rising worldwide with UCHL Health 2020, claiming an estimated 15% coupled will face troubles conceiving. A study conducted by scientists at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 2017, with Dr. Hagai Levine as the lead author, concluded that the average sperm count had fallen by almost 60% in the past 40 years and humans are in danger of becoming completely infertile within next 50 years. The WHO estimates that 48 million couples and 186 million individuals worldwide are infertile. As the number of infertile people and infertility rate keeps on increasing around the world, the demand of sperm is growing day by day and is propelling the growth of global sperm bank market for safe storage and analysis of the sperms.
Increasing Obesity Cases Around the World
The negative effects of obesity extend to both reproductive and cardiovascular systems. Many studies have shown that obesity leads to infertility among infertile men and women. Obesity affects fertility by changing the way a woman’s body stores sex hormones. For instance, Androstenedione is converted into estrogen by fat cells, affecting the part of the brain that regulates ovarian and testicular function and leads to infertility. Obese men are more likely to develop hormonal imbalances and higher temperatures around their scrotums. Moreover, when a man is obese, he is more likely to have higher levels of estrogen and lower levels of sperm-producing hormones, like inhibin b and androgen.
Higher Rate of Birth Defects in Babies Born via In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
Artificial techniques have been a boon for people who have difficulties conceiving. They are unappealing to some, however, due to the risks involved. Assisted reproduction technology (ART) such as In-Vitro Fertilization is one of the most popular methods, but it has its own set of disadvantages. Children born through IVF are at an elevated risk of congenital disabilities, such as heart defects and issues affecting the urogenital tract, such as hypospadias. Over 4% of IVF babies can have major congenital disabilities. Due to such risks and the high costs of the procedure, the global sperm bank market is expected to face significant challenges during the forecast period.
Global Sperm Bank Market: By Donor Type
Depending on the donor types, the global sperm bank market is segmented into known donor and anonymous donor segments, with the known donor segment having the largest market share in 2020. Known donors are those who personally know the people who will purchase or use their sperm. Known donors can be close friends, family, colleagues, or acquaintances. They are not found by any sperm bank, clinic, or fertility centres.
Moreover, the laws governing sperm donors have changed significantly in many countries. For instance, Austria, Switzerland, New Zealand, Sweden, Australia, and United Kingdom have given the donor-conceived offspring the information of the sperm donors when they turn 18. The factors mentioned above, together with the certainty of availability of the donor's medical and behavioural background, have contributed to the known donor segment's substantial market share in the worldwide sperm bank industry.
Global Sperm Bank Market: By Service Type
The global sperm bank market is segmented into sperm storage, semen analysis, genetic consultation, and others, on the basis of services. Sperm analysis segment held the largest market share in the global sperm bank market in 2020. Semen analysis is compulsory for accepting the sperm of any donor, be it known or anonymous. Genetic and sperm-transferable health conditions are minimized through extensive sperm analysis and quarantine periods at sperm banks. Additionally, increasing fertility tourism in countries like India, Spain, Sweden, and Denmark and the growing demand for ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology) have also contributed significantly towards the large market share of the semen analysis segment in the global sperm bank market.
Source: BlueWeave Consulting
Impact of COVID-19 on the Global Sperm Bank Market
The global sperm bank markets were adversely affected by the pandemic. As a result of global lockdowns announced by governments to minimize COVID-19 cases around the globe, there were shortages of sperm. Sperm banks faced difficulties in procuring semen from the donors, while many clinics and centers for fertility treatment went out of business. In July, 2020, only 800 of India's almost 2,000 IVF centers opened, with the majority of clients opting to postpone their appointments.
However, with the majority of clinics opening in the latter part of 2020 and the patients continuing with their procedures, the demand for sperm increased significantly throughout the latter half of 2020. By the end of 2021, the global sperm bank market began to recover again, but the second wave of the COVID-19 in 2021 halted the global sperm bank market recovery once again. Mass vaccination drives have contributed significantly to minimizing the negative effects of the second wave, and the market is likely to recover towards the end of 2021 due to a rapid increase in vaccinated people, reinforcement of supply chains, and reopening borders.
Global Sperm Bank Market: Regional Insights
The global sperm bank market is segmented into five regions: North America, Europe, the Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East & Africa. North American sperm bank market accounts for the largest share in the global sperm bank market and is expected to lead the market in the forecast period as well. According to US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), US birth rate touched the lowest level in the last 33 years in 2019 with 58.2 births per 1,000 women of childbearing age. The data from CDC further says that 33% of Americans have turned to fertility treatments or know someone who has, and 1 in 8 couples in America encounter fertility hurdles. According to the American Pregnancy Association, 25% of women encounter more than one cause for infertility. Such a high number of infertility issues coupled with strong healthcare infrastructure, presence of leading players, and high awareness among the people has contributed significantly towards the large market share of North America in the global sperm bank market.
Source: BlueWeave Consulting
Globally, there are several key players operating in the sperm bank market. The key players operating in the market are California Cryobank, Cryos International, Fairfax Cryobank Inc., European Sperm Bank, Androcryos, CSG-BIO, Cryobio, NW Cryobank., Indian Spermtech, New England Cryogenic Centre, Seattle Sperm Bank, London Sperm Bank, Baby Quest Cryobank Pvt. Ltd., ReproTech Limited, Semovo, Generate Life Sciences, and other prominent players. Numerous market participants are aiming to improve existing technologies such as intrauterine insemination, intracervical insemination, and in vitro fertilization so as to minimize the congenital disability rate and keep procedure costs down.
On June 18, 2021, an online matching system for sperm donation started a trial in Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province in China. It utilizes big data technologies and artificial intelligence technologies to help families have children through sperm donation. The Family Planning Special Hospital of Guangdong assists in the trial, which aims to better serve infertile families by reducing congenital disabilities.
On May 12, 2021, Victoria’s state government announced that it would invest USD 70 million into fertility care services for women, which will help up to 4,000 Victorians each year – saving them an average of USD 10,000. A total of USD 20 million will be invested to improve public hospital facilities to provide the services, while USD 50 million will be invested to provide free fertility treatments to up to 2,700 Victorians per year along with other fertility-related services.
Scope of the Report
Historical data – 2017-2020
Base Year – 2020
Forecast – 2021 – 2027
Revenue in USD Million
United States, Canada, Germany, U.K., France, Italy, Spain, Benelux, Nordic Countries, Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, South Korea, Thailand, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Saudi Arabia, UAE, South Africa, and Others
By Donor Type, Insemination Technique, By Service Type, By Sperm Collection Centre, By Distribution Channel, By Region
Key players operating in the market include California Cryobank, Cryos International, Fairfax Cryobank Inc., European Sperm Bank, Androcryos, CSG-BIO, Cryobio, NW Cryobank., Indian Spermtech, New England Cryogenic Centre, Seattle Sperm Bank, London Sperm Bank, Baby Quest Cryobank Pvt. Ltd., ReproTech Limited, Semovo, Generate Life Sciences and others prominent players
Scope of the Report
By Donor Type
- Known Donor
- Anonymous Donor
By Insemination Techniques
- Intracervical Insemination
- Intrauterine Insemination
- In-vitro Fertilization
By Service Type
- Sperm Storage
- Semen Analysis
- Genetic Consultation
By Sperm Collection Centre
- In-vitro Fertilization Centres
- Donor Insemination Centres
By Distribution Channel
- Fertility Clinics
- Sperm Collection Centres
- North America
- Asia-Pacific (APAC)
- Latin America (LATAM)
- Middle-East & Africa (MEA)
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